As an a skilled gastroenterologist in New York City, Dr. Jaffin has substantial experience treating gastrointestinal motility disorders in patients at his practice on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, helping patients find relief from symptoms while preventing more serious issues from developing.
Motility refers to the contractions and motions that occur along your gastrointestinal (GI) tract to move food from your mouth through your stomach and intestines and out through your rectum and anus. Gastrointestinal motility disorders are conditions or diseases that affect one or more portions of the gastrointestinal tract, making it more difficult for food to pass and be digested normally. GI issues can cause problems with swallowing, chronic constipation, bloating, cramps, heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
The diagnostic technique depends in part on where the symptoms seem to be occurring. For issues that appear to be localized to the upper GI tract, an endoscopy can be performed to evaluate the esophagus, stomach and the upper portion of the small intestine, or duodenum. For issues affecting the colon or rectum, a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy may be performed. In any of these exams, a long, flexible scope is passed into the digestive tract. A camera and light attached to the end of the scope is used to take pictures of the GI tract to look for signs of abnormalities. Tissue samples can be taken to aid in diagnosis. Other types of diagnostic testing use special instruments to measure the contraction of specific portions of the GI tract.
The treatment will depend on which part of the GI tract is affected and can be focused on relieving symptoms as well as correcting an underlying problem. Options include medications, surgery and minimally-invasive procedures to address strictures, or narrowed, tight areas where the normal passage of food may be impeded. Your treatment plan will be customized to your specific needs based on the results of your examination and diagnostic testing.